Causes of Dysmennorhea (Menstrual Cramps)

a woman suffering from dysmanorrhea

Dysmenorrhea is that painful cramps that may occur during the menstrual cycle.The symptoms of dysmenorrhoea are – pain in the abdomen which can be serious some time and women can feel aches in the hips, inner thighs and lower back. Plus, during severe cramps one may get upset stomach, loose stools, and vomiting, Home remedies methods have been among common practice for relief during dysmenorrhoea.

Dysmenorrhea has two types primary and secondary dysmenorrhea.

1. Primary Dysmenorrhea

Primary dysmenorrhea is a common type of cramp among women which usually begins after around two years of getting her period. In this case, pain is in the back or lower abdomen which can be mild as well as severe and may remain up to three days after the menstrual period begins and lessens as the woman’s age grows. It might also stop after a woman gives birth to her first child.

Cause of Primary Dysmenorrhea

Generally, Dysmenorrhea is caused because of spasm in the uterus. It contracts during a woman’s menstrual cycle forcefully to wipe away the part of the monthly menstrual period. And, when the spasm occurs too heavily and compresses attached blood vessels, it cuts off the oxygen supply to the muscles of the uterus and the pain initiates. Girls with primary dysmenorrhea hold higher production of Endometrial Prostaglandin which leads to higher and stronger uterine contractions. Anti-Inflammatory Drugs are beneficial for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. Plus, a visit to a doctor is necessary before taking the medicines since a number of women do not respond to these problems.

2. Secondary Dysmenorrhea

On the contrary, secondary dysmenorrhea is caused because of disordered reproductive organs of women. This ache normally starts during the menstrual cycle and remains for longer than usual menstrual cramps.

Cause of Secondary Dysmenorrhea

There may be different causes of secondary dysmenorhea, some of them are


The cells that edges the womb begins to increase, normally in the ovaries and fallopian tubes. And, when these cells wipe away, it causes severe pain which is known as endometriosis.

Pelvic inflammatory disease

Women’s womb, ovaries as well as fallopian tubes are infected with bacteria which inflames and swell because of pelvic inflammatory disease. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease occurs when the cervix, which does not allow bacteria to enter vagina, is itself infected, Then the organisms enter to the internal organs and reaches the upper genital tract resulting in Pelvic Inflammatory Disease which further adds up pain during the periods.


The condition of fibroids occur when tumors that are non-cancerous develop in the womb and this can turn menstrual periods into heavy and painful one.

Intrauterine Device (IUD)

Intrauterine Device (IUD) is a type of contraceptive device in T-shape and made up of plastic and copper, which is fitted in the womb which can at times cause the pain, particularly, in the first months after it is fitted.