Pentavalent vaccine or DPT - Schedule, Effects and Things to remember

This vaccine prevents Diphtheria, Pertusis (Whooping Cough) and Tetanus. Two other vaccinations were included with the vaccine since 2009. They are Hepatitis B and Haemophilus Influenza Type B (HIB) vaccines. It is the combination of 5 vaccines so it is also known as Pentavalent (meaning: having a valency of five) vaccine. 

girl getting vaccined

Time for Pentavalent or DPT Vaccine

6 weeks after birth to 1 year

Schedule Pentavalent or DPT Vaccine

  Dosage

  Age

  1st dose

  6 weeks

  2nd dose

  10 weeks

  3rd dose

  14 weeks

Injection site for Pentavalent or DPT Vaccine

Muscle (Intradermal: applied within the layers of the skin)

Side effects of Pentavalent or DPT Vaccine

  • Mild fever
  • Abscess formation ( accumulation of pus at injection site)
  • Convulsion (Abnormal body movement)
  • Anaphylaxis reaction (reaction due to allergy of vaccine)

Contra-Indications for Pentavalent or DPT Vaccine

  • Seriously ill with hospitalized children
  • Previous reaction with DPT
  • Children having high grade fever

Things to remember for Pentavalent or DPT Vaccine

  • Strict vaccination schedule.
  • Gentle press or cold compression for few minutes can be applied on injected site.
  • Pre-information about the side effects, contra-indication and the care necessary during and after vaccination.
  • Mental preparation for the side effects of the vaccine.
  • Check up(for child) before vaccination to rule out any chances of contraindications.
  • Consult the doctor for any medication and  if
    • Fever does not subside after 36 hours of vaccination​
    • An abscess formation at the site of vaccination
    • If any other complication occurs